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Xuefeng Liang a,b, Jun Han c, YingmingXua, Yuebing Sun a, LinWang a, Xin Tan b. Sorption Stability and Mechanism Exploration of Palygorskite as Immobilization Agent for Cd in Polluted Soil[J]. AGRO-ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INSTITUTE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, , (): 0-0

Sorption Stability and Mechanism Exploration of Palygorskite as Immobilization Agent for Cd in Polluted Soil

a Key Laboratory of Original Environmental Quality of MOA, Agro-Environmental Protection Institute of Ministry of Agriculture, Tianjin 300191, PR Chinab School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China

Clay minerals have been utilized for the remediation of heavy metal-polluted soil. However, information on the remediation stability of various clay minerals with different performances is limited. In this study, a kind of palygorskite (PAL) with a sorption amount for Cd2+ about 40 mg/g, which is much larger than common minerals, was selected as amendment for in situ immobilization field demonstration. Besides, sorption stability which is essential for remediation was investigated in an ideal solid solution system by sorption and desorption behaviors of Cd2+ on PAL, including isotherms, kinetics, and various stimulated environmental factors such as pH, temperature, and background electrolytes. The calculated thermodynamic parameters confirmed the sorption process was endothermic and driven by entropy changes. Only minimal desorption was caused by stimulated irrigation or runoff and acid rain. The temperature, pH, and background electrolyte dependence confirmed that the sorption of Cd2+ on PAL was stable. Various characterization results including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM-EDS) mapping, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) confirmed the sorption mechanisms were surface precipitation of CdCO3 and surface complexation with hydroxyl groups.

Keywords:    Palygorskite Immobilization agent Cadmium Sorption stability Soil remediation   

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